Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

                Physical medicine and rehabilitation is a medical department that aims to restore full strength and function to seek or injured body structures and to bring the patient to a fully treated condition.

                To treat and restore a diseased or injured part of the body: Medical treatment, injection treatment or physical theraphy agents ( hot-cold therapy, electrotherapy agents, manual therapy, special exercise and rehabilitation ) are available.

                Diseases of the Physical Medicine

·         Diseases of the shoulder and peripheral joints

·         Tension in shoulder and back muscles (such as muscles retention, strabismus)

·         Lower Back Pain (herniated disk and calcification, rheumatic diseases, etc.)

·         Neck pain (Neck hernia and calcification, nerve root construction, rheumatic diseases, etc.)

·         Spinal curvatures (from birth or gained)

·         Disease of the elbow, wrist, hand joints

·         Hip and knee diseases  (calcifications, meniscus and ligament disorders, etc.)

·         Treatment and rehabilitations of rheumatic diseases with joint swelling and pain, limitation of movement

·         Peripheral nerve entrapment neuropathies (radial nerve palsy, carpal tunnel, tarsal tunnel syndrome etc.)

·         Soft issue pain (muscle pain (myofascial pain ), muscle rhuematism (fibromyalgia)

·         Stress type headache

·         Prevention and treatment of osteoporosis (bone erosion) in people at risk and in established osteoporosis

Rehabilitation can be defined as the process that maximizes one’s physical, mental, social, vocational and educational status. Rehabilitation is a dynamic process, and all branches of clinical medicine are widely exploited. The goal in rehabilitation services is to achieve optimal function against permanent disability. Rehabilition is an integral part of medical care including acute care, re-activation and re-accommodation. Rehabilitation should not be considired as a separate phase following diagnosis and treatment. Rehabilitation is not just exercise.

        Fields of rehabilitation services:

·         Orthopedic rehabilitation

·         Restricted movement resulting from sports injuries

·         Operation after hand, knee, hip, spine diseases or hip, shoulder, knee prosthesis rehabilitation

·         Joint limitation developed after various diseases fracture

·         Joint sprain

·         Rehabilitation after tendon and nerve incisions

·         Neurological rehabilitation

·         Paralysis (Hemiplegia)

·         Traumatic brain injuries

·         Bell’s palsy

·         Problems developing after local nerve injury (dropping foot, dropping hand, etc.)

·         Geriatric rehabilitation

·         Patients over 75 years with systemic diseases

·         Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation

·         Pre and post-cardiac infarction surgery patients at risk

·         Lung diseases and patients at risk

·         Treatment and rehabilitation of rheumatic diseaeses

·         Ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, connective tissue disorders, fibromyalgia (muscle rheumatism), etc.

            ·     Osteoporosis prevention, rehabilitation with treatment

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